Interagency Safeguarding Procedures Information for Parents and Carers Information for Children & Young People What to do if you're worried a child is being abused Bradford Safeguarding Children Board

Bradford Safeguarding Children Board > Child Sexual Exploitation > Professionals

The sexual exploitation of children is defined as:

“involving exploitative situations, contexts and relationships where young people (or a third person or persons) receive ‘something’ (e.g. food, accommodation, drugs, alcohol, cigarettes, affection, gifts, money, mobile phones) as a result of their performing, and/or another or others performing on them, sexual activities. It can occur through the use of technology without the child’s immediate recognition; e.g. being persuaded to post sexual images on the internet/mobile phones without immediate payment or gain. In all cases, those exploiting the child have power over them by virtue of their age, gender, intellect, physical strength and/or economic or other resources. Violence, coercion and intimidation are common, involvement in exploitative relationships being characterised in the main by the child’s limited availability of choice resulting from their social/economic and/or emotional vulnerability.”

Safeguarding Children and Young People
from Sexual Exploitation, 2009


NEW - "Using the trauma model to understand the impact of sexual exploitation on children." - by Norma Howes

Norma Howes has worked as a social worker, child forensic psychologist and sensorimotor psychotherapist. She is involved in training police, social workers, health and education staff in all aspects of childhood trauma and abuse ,specialising in assessing and treating all victims of sexual trauma and the assessment of male and female perpetrators.

This guide offers practitioners a detailed explanation of both the psychological impact sexual exploitation can have on children and young people and some of the factors that can make victims vulnerable. It uses the trauma model to discuss what to consider when working with these children, ways to talk to them about their experience, start to build trust and offer support.

Click here to the the document

Who is at risk?
Any child or young person may be at risk of sexual exploitation, regardless of their family background or other circumstances. This includes boys and young men as well as girls and young women. However, some groups of young people are particularly vulnerable.  These include:

  • children and young people who have a history of running away or of going missing from home and care;

  • those with special needs;

  • those in and leaving residential and foster care;

  • migrant children, including those who do not have a legal immigration status;

  • unaccompanied asylum seeking children;

  • children who have disengaged from education;

  • children who are abusing drugs and alcohol;

  • those involved in gangs;

  • those engaged in risky internet use.


What to do if you suspect a child is being sexually exploited - click here to see CSE procedures


Other CSE Documents


Referral Pathway / CSE Risk Assessment

  • If a child is at immediate risk of harm referrer needs to contact Children's Social Care’s Initial Contact Point on 01274 437500 for action to be taken to safeguard the child.

  • If there are concerns that a child may be at risk of sexual exploitation then a West Yorkshire CSE Risk Assessment referral should be sent to Children's Social Care Initial Contact Point. 

    If you are Bradford Council staff, send internally to:

    For other professionals, send securely to:
    Please note: you can only send to this email address if you have a secure email account, otherwise it will not be received.

  • If you do not have a secure email, please fax to: 01274 435607

  • Please make sure the vulnerabilities and indicators of the young person are identified on the form.

  • If you are unsure, you can contact the CSE Hub on: 01274 435049.

  • Referrer will be contacted and informed of the outcomes and actions recommended from the CSE Hub.


CSE Information Report

  • This should be used if you have any information that you believe would support the Hub/Police in identifying perpetrators or other young people who may be at risk of CSE.

  • No matter how small the information may seem it can inform the bigger picture and lead to protecting other Young People and identifying perpetrators of CSE.

  • Examples of information to send on the MAACSE Information form - suspected victims, perpetrators and locations. This can include names/physical descriptions/phone numbers/nicknames/ vehicle details/ addresses etc.

  • The completed form should be sent to

  • If there is any evidence that a crime as taken place, you will need to report this direct to the police on 101

Telephone Contact Numbers/Links

  • Childrens Contact point – 01274 437500

  • CSE Hub – 01274 435049

  • Emergency Duty Team – 01274 431010

  • Turnaround (BFD) – 01274 618421

  • Hand in Hand (Keighley) 01535 606868

  • The BLAST Project – 0113 2444209/07921 372896 (

  • PACE – 0113 240 3040 (


Please regularly check our website for updates to the training programme at There is also a programme of on-line CSE training at